Building Repairs And Maintenance
To improve or restore every facility in every part of the building, its surroundings and services to an acceptable standard and to sustain utility values of the said facility at the same time is the simplest definition for maintenance. To preserve good condition services and buildings, make improvements when required and sustain utility value is the objective of maintenance. Any good maintenance team has to be capable to ensure efficiency, reliability and safety.
There are several facets of maintenance operations such as condition based maintenance, fixed time maintenance, preventive maintenance, day to day maintenance, opportunity maintenance as well as shutdown maintenance. A few of the common examples of maintenance works done in buildings are maintenance surveys for sanitary system and water supply, periodic surveys which are necessary in order to observe how the system works. As for the inspection, it should start from top to bottom. Drawings indicating different services as what laid have to be acquired in order to facilitate the survey.
With regards to maintenance of electrical installations, it could be made safe only by having it installed and maintained by licensed and professional electrician. It is crucial that the installation is checked on a periodic basis and that there is a proper record of such work. The recommended periodicity of checking the electrical system of a building depend on the test that has to be done like for earthing test, insulation and polarity, it ought to be done once, twice and once in 5 years respectively.
In multistoried buildings, the maintenance of elevators are extremely important service that can’t be taken for granted. The vertical transportation is affected by lifts which can come from different types like goods lifts, passenger lifts, special lifts in hospitals and so on. Without adequate vertical transportation in the building, the entire activity in multistoried building will likely come to a standstill.
As for this type of building repairs and maintenance, it has to cover all mechanical equipment similar to buffer door closers, sheaves, door hangers, limit switches, floor sections and everything in between. In regards to the interlocks, the mechanical fastenings to the base as well as latching head must be securely locked when the door is closed. Electrical contact should not get made unless the elevator door is locked and fully closed. For the governor ropes and hoist, there should be no signs of rust and wear while the traveling cables have to be hung properly and the outer wrapping shouldn’t be worn out to avoid short circuit.
There are still lots of other building repairs and maintenance that should be done but these are what been done oftentimes.